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ETHNOLINGUE a catalogue of 6700 languages spoken in 228 countries ✪ index lists over 39000 languages

The Ethnologue is a catalogue of more than 6700 languages spoken in 228 countries. The Ethnologue Name Index lists over 39000 languages...

http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnologue

Ethnologue (celým názvem Ethnologue: Languages of the World) je publikace vydávaná SIL International obsahující informace o jazycích z celého světa. Vychází v tištěné i internetové verzi. Současná šestnáctá verze obsahuje 7 413 jazyků.[1]

První vydání vyšlo v roce 1951 a zahrnovalo 46 jazyků.[1] V roce 1984 byl zaveden tzv. SIL code, třipísmenný kód, který sloužil k identifikaci jednotlivých jazyků. Tento systém značně převyšoval možnosti tehdejších norem ISO 639-1 a ani kódy pozdější čtrnácté verze se neshodovaly s normami ISO 639-2. V roce 2002 bylo Ethnologue požádáno ke sjednocení kódů a spolupráci s Mezinárodní organizací pro normalizaci (ISO) na novém systému. Výsledkem byl standard ISO 639-3 vydaný v roce 2007 a používaný dodnes.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnologue

Ethnologue: Languages of the World is a web-based publication that contains statistics for 7,106 languages and dialects in the 17th edition, released in 2013.[2] Up until the 16th edition in 2009, the publication was a printed volume. Ethnologue provides information on the number of speakers, location, dialects, linguistic affiliations, availability of the Bible in the language, and an estimate of language viability using the Expanded Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale (EGIDS).[3][4]

William Bright, then editor of Language: Journal of the Linguistic Society of America, wrote of Ethnologue that it "is indispensable for any reference shelf on the languages of the world."[5] According to Ole Stig Andersen on Danmarks Radio, although "Ethnologue has grown to become the world's most complete and authoritative survey of the world's languages," the data has many errors.[6] For example, cross-references can link to the wrong ISO 639 codes, while the family trees are generated automatically, resulting in problematic cladistic cascades that may distort language relationships.

17 2013, updated 2014[34] Lewis, Simons, & Fennig 7,106 living languages

http://eo.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnologue

La Ethnologue: Languages of the World (Etnologiisto: Lingvoj de la Mondo) estas libraro kiu enhavas statistikon por 6.809 lingvoj (eldono de 2000) kiu priskribis la nombron da parolantoj, lokon, dialektojn, lingvistemojn, haveblecon de la Biblio, ktp. La retversio estas havebla ĉe http://www.ethnologue.com/ (angle).

Ethnologue estas posedata de la firmao SIL International, kristana organizo kiu pristudas malpli konatajn lingvojn por misii al iliaj parolantoj.

 

http://www.ethnologue.com/

Prozkoumejte jazyky světa. Ethnologue obsahuje informace o 7106 známých živých jazycích. Začněte kliknutím na World Languages 

World

Population
6,800,596,862
Living Languages
7,106

 

Institutional 560, Developing 1,563, Vigorous 2,549, In Trouble 1,519, Dying 915

Institucionální 560, rozvojové 1563, intenzívní 2549, v nesnázích 1519, umírající 915

 

Browse the Regions

 

http://www.ethnologue.com/region/Europe

Eastern Europe

Poland

Poland

Print
Official Name
Republic of Poland, Rzeczpospolita Polska
Population
38,563,000
Principal Languages
Polish
Literacy Rate
99% (2010 UNESCO)
Immigrant Languages
Eastern Yiddish (5,840), Greek (114,000), Lithuanian (30,000), Russian (60,000), Slovak (38,000)
Deaf Population
50,000–2,342,000 (1998)
Deaf Institutions
11
General References
Comrie 1987; Schenker and Stankiewicz 1980
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Poland is 15. All are living languages. Of these, 2 are institutional, 7 are developing, 3 are vigorous, and 3 are dying.

 

Browse by

Language Names

http://www.ethnologue.com/browse/names

Browse by Language Name

Print

English http://www.ethnologue.com/language/eng

A language of United Kingdom

Population

55,600,000 in United Kingdom (ELDIA 2012). Population total all countries: 335,148,868. L2 users: 1,500,000 in United Kingdom (Crystal 2003). L2 users worldwide: 505,000,000.

Language Status

1 (National). De facto national language.

Dialects

Belfast, Birmingham (Brummie, Brummy), Bolton Lancashire, Central Cumberland, Cockney, Cornwall, Craven Yorkshire, Cumberland, Devonshire, Dorset, Durham, East Anglia, East Devonshire, Edinburgh, Geordie, Glaswegian, Lowland Scottish, Newcastle Northumberland, Norfolk, North Lancashire, North Wiltshire, North Yorkshire, Northumberland, Radcliffe Lancashire, Scouse, Sheffield Yorkshire, Somerset, South Wales, Sussex, Tyneside Northumberland, West Country, West Yorkshire, Westmorland. Many local English varieties around the world. Lexical similarity: 60% with German, 27% with French, 24% with Russian.

Typology

SVO; prepositions; genitives after noun heads; articles, adjectives, numerals before noun heads; question word initial; word order distinguishes subject, object, indirect objects, given and new information, topic and comment; active and passive; causative; comparative; consonant and vowel clusters; nontonal.

Language Use

14,210,000 also use French [fra]. 4,943,000 also use Spanish [spa]. 5,561,000 also use Standard German [deu].

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1382–2002.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Deseret Alphabet [Dsrt], developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877. Latin script [Latn], primary usage. Shavian (Shaw) script [Shaw], no longer in use.

Other Comments

Christian.

 

Esperanto http://www.ethnologue.com/language/epo

A language of Poland

Alternate Names
Eo, La Lingvo Internacia
Population

L2 users: 2,000,000 (Wiesenfeld 1999).

Location

About 115 countries, most widely in central and eastern Europe; east Asia: China and other countries; areas of South America; southwest Asia.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Typology

SVO, OVS; prepositions; genitives, relatives after noun heads; articles, adjectives, numerals before noun heads; question word initial; accusative -n; affixes mark tense; passive with esti + passive participle; causative -ig; comparative word; nontonal.

Language Use

All ages.

Language Development
Bible: 1900–1910.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Developed 1872–1885 by L. L. Zamenhof of Warsaw, Poland, for intercommunication among L1 speakers of other languages.

 

ZDROJE

OLAC resources in and about the Esperanto language

ISO 639-3: epo

The combined catalog of all OLAC participants contains the following resources that are relevant to this language:

Other known names and dialect names: Eo, La Lingvo Internacia

Use faceted search to explore resources for Esperanto language.

Lexical resources

  1. ONLINEEsperanto Swadesh List. n.a. n.d. The Rosetta Project: A Long Now Foundation Library of Human Language. oai:rosettaproject.org:rosettaproject_epo_swadesh-1

Language descriptions

  1. ONLINEGlottolog 2.3 Resources for Esperanto. n.a. 2014. Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. oai:glottolog.org:espe1235
  2. ONLINEA Complete Grammar of Esperanto. Reed, Ivy Kellerman. 1910. Chicago: D.C. Heath & Co. oai:rosettaproject.org:rosettaproject_epo_morsyn-1

Other resources about the language

  1. ONLINELINGUIST List Resources for Esperanto. Anthony Aristar, Director of Linguist List (editor); Helen Aristar-Dry, Director of Linguist List (editor). 2014-10-01. The LINGUIST List (www.linguistlist.org). oai:linguistlist.org:lang_epo
  2. ONLINEEsperanto: a language of Poland. n.a. 2013. SIL International. oai:ethnologue.com:epo

Other known names and dialect names: Eo, La Lingvo Internacia

Other search terms: dialect, vernacular, lexicon, dictionary, vocabulary, wordlist, phrase book, grammar, syntax, morphology, phonology, orthography


http://www.language-archives.org/language.php/epo
Up-to-date as of: Tue Oct 7 23:51:45 EDT 2014
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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